Real Jardín Botánico Madrid…

Leiden Hortus Botanicus two years ago,  Berlin Botanical Garden last year and now, Madrid.  Botanical gardens are not quite what we sometimes imagine, they are not gardens in the sense of personal choice of plants and settings, and the botanical part was always absolutely fused with the growth of trade, empire, and often with the manipulation of indigenous agriculture in order to better support the economy of the colonial power.  Wandering around historic botanical gardens in the 21st century, which I love to do wherever I go, it’s easy to forget the reasons why such places were made, often back in the eighteenth century.

Madbot 0218
Dark verticals of winter trees,  Real Jardin Botanico from the entrance terrace, Madrid, February 2018

Scrambling to stay within commercial reach of the Dutch, the French and the English was a big pre-occupation for eighteenth century Spain.  The Italians had founded Pisa and Padua Botanical Gardens in the mid sixteenth century, followed by the French crown investing in le Jardin du Roi in 1626, the predecessor for the present-day Jardin des Plantes. 

The Spanish crown funded numerous botanical expeditions to the Americas in particular, searching for marketable crops as well as scientific knowledge.  This was the heyday of the eighteeenth century enlightenment when the acquisition of scientific knowledge, including the natural sciences, was a driving economic and philosophical force in European society.  The Real Jardin Botanico was initially founded in 1755 in Madrid, and moved to the current location in 1774.  Britain joined the race with the establishment of what would become Kew Gardens in London in 1772.

Nearly three hundred years later, botanical gardens are now regarded as extremely valuable scientifically in the exploration of how plants contribute to ecology, the identification of possible medical applications of plants, and for understanding what is happening with our climate and the way that nature is adapting to change.

For me nowadays, a botanical garden gives a wonderful setting, often in busy city centres, for escape into an organised natural world, which is tended and cared for so that we can appreciate plants in their natural settings.  It is always interesting to come across plants and plant communities that are new or different- I love just wandering and spotting shapes, colours, leaves, flowers.

On a cold, bright February day, the garden was only slowly waking up.

Camellia japonica Nuccio's Cameo madbot 0218
Camellia japonica ‘Nuccio’s Cameo’ had successfully hidden from the frosts, Real Jardin Botanico, Madrid, February 2018

This shell-pink Camellia was beautiful, though I admit to being a Camellia philistine and not a lover of pink!

Camellia japonica Perfection White madbot 0218
Camellia japonica ‘Perfection White’ had a visiting friend and nipped petals, Real Jardin Botanico, Madrid, February 2018

The winter sun was really strong, imagine the summer!, and really brought out the colour and filigree leaf shapes of the Cycas palm.

Cycas petrae sunlit madbot 0218
Sunlit Cycas petrea, Real Jardin Botanico, Madrid, February 2018

I am going to have to find a way to grow Hamamelis.

Hamamelis x intermedia Birgit madbot 0218
Hamamelis x intermedia ‘Birgit’, Real Jardin Botanico, Madrid, February 2018

The Graells Greenhouse, dating back to 1836 was named for Dr Graells who invented the ‘gloria’ technique,  an unusual form of heating for this greenhouse for tender plants.  Underground channels were filled with rotting manure, covered over with metal grilles, which produced the heat and humidity needed for the plants and released both into the greenhouse.  Not sorry to have missed the manure!

Madbot greenhouse 0218
The Graells Greenhouse, Real Jardin Botanico, Madrid, February 2018. Spot the grille.

This small tree, Anagyris foetida, was spectacularly laden with flowers.

Anagyris foetida madbot 0218
Pendulous yellow blossoms on Anagyris foetida, Real Jardin Botanico, Madrid, February 2018
Edible garden madbot 0218
The Edibles garden, Real Jardin Botanico, Madrid, February 2018

Looking like Christmas decorations, the peppers glowed in the sunlight.

Peppers madbot 0218
Drying peppers, Edibles Garden, Real Jardin Botanico, Madrid, February 2018

Would that my backstage looked as thoughtfully arranged as this. But no….

Backstage madbot 0218
Backstage at the Big Greenhouse, Real Jardin Botanico, Madrid, February 2018

5 thoughts on “Real Jardín Botánico Madrid…

  1. Wow. All those bright greens. In February! I too am going to have to find space for hamamelis. Have seen so many lovely photos on blogs, and the scent is delicious. Where? Where?!

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Great to see a snow free garden. I agree with you that Botanical Gardens sometimes take a little adjusting to aesthetically. Plus I find the less well known ones are often starved of cash.

    I’m just travelling back to Broadstairs now to see what further damage has been done since I left on Thursday. I think I might be ripping it all out and starting again!

    Liked by 1 person

  3. These are the same reasons why we do not have comparable botanical gardens here in North America. None of those factors were relevant to us, or at least, not as relevant. Some our contemporary gardens are designed to showcase native plants. Spain developed much of our region at that time, but a Royal Botanical Garden would not have been a priority in such an obscure location. However, we did happen to get the Royal Road, El Camino Real.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Thank you for a wonderful tour around this garden. I always seek out a botanical garden in a city, as you say, it provides a welcome relief from all the busyness around. The Botanical Garden of Wales is quite unusual in that it is located in the middle of the countryside. It does have a remarkable glasshouse though.

    Liked by 2 people

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s